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51 - LONG - Long-Term Programs


LONG 221 - Electrical & Automation Engineering (39 Weeks)

Code Start Date Duration Venue
LONG 221 27 December 2021 39 Weeks Istanbul Registration Form Link
LONG 221 31 January 2022 39 Weeks Istanbul Registration Form Link
LONG 221 23 May 2022 39 Weeks Istanbul Registration Form Link
LONG 221 12 September 2022 39 Weeks Istanbul Registration Form Link
Please contact us for fees

 

Course Description

This course is aimed at benefiting those engineers and technicians who need to design, commission and maintain automation and process control systems using Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC's).

The objective of the course is to provide the practicing engineer and technician with the necessary tools to design, specify, configure, install and commission a complete PLC system. The main challenge today is for engineers and technicians to make optimum use of their plant and equipment through automation and process control techniques.

The result of effective automation and process control are products, which cost less and have more controllable quality levels. 

The PLC is one of the key components in achieving this productivity improvement. PLCs in the past have differed widely in their programming and hardware structure. However there has been a rapid convergence today between different systems from the different manufacturers.

Note: Fee applies to 5+ participants attending the same course

Course Objectives

  • Understadning the fundamental operating principles behind using a PLC.
  • Discussing Good installation practice.
  • Discussing on programming PLCs.
  • Exploring the PLC as part of a complete Local Area Network The PLC and the operator interface.
  • Learning about High Security PLC systems.
  • Being aware of the guidelines to troubleshooting of PLCs.
  • Understanding PLC project specification.

Who Should Attend?

  • Electrical and Instrument Engineers and Supervisors.
  • Operation Engineers and Operation Supervisors

Course Details/Schedule

Week 1

  • Introduction to Programmable Controllers
  • Definition 
  • Principles of Operation 
  • PLCs Versus Other Types of Controls 
  • PLC Product Application Ranges 
  • Ladder Diagrams and the PLC 
  • Advantages of PLCs 
  • Number Systems and Codes
  • Number Systems 
  • Number Conversions 
  • One’s and Two’s Complement 
  • Binary Codes 
  • Register Word Formats 

Week 2

  • Logic Concepts
  • The Binary Concept 
  • Logic Functions 
  • Principles of Boolean Algebra and Logic 
  • PLC Circuits and Logic Contact Symbology 

Week 3

  • Programming Devices
  • Introduction 
  • Processors 
  • Processor Scan
  • The System Power Supply 
  • The Memory System and I/O Interaction
  • Memory Overview 
  • Memory Types 
  • Memory Structure and Capacity 
  • Memory Organization and I/O Interaction 
  • Configuring the PLC Memory I/O Addressing 
  • Summary of Memory, Scanning, and I/O Interaction 
  • Memory Considerations 

Week 4

  • The Discrete Input/Output System
  • Introduction to Discrete I/O Systems 
  • I/O Rack Enclosures and Table Mapping 
  • Remote I/O Systems 
  • PLC Instructions for Discrete Inputs 
  • Types of Discrete Inputs 
  • PLC Instructions for Discrete Outputs 
  • Discrete Outputs 
  • Discrete Bypass/Control Stations 
  • Interpreting I/O Specifications 
  • Summary of Discrete I/O

Week 5

  • The Analog Input/Output System
  • Overview of Analog Input Signals 
  • Instructions for Analog Input Modules 
  • Analog Input Data Representation 
  • Analog Input Data Handling 
  • Analog Input Connections 
  • Overview of Analog Output Signals 
  • Instructions for Analog Output Modules 
  • Analog Output Data Representation 
  • Analog Output Data Handling
  • Analog Output Connections 
  • Analog Output Bypass/Control Stations

 

Week 6

  • Special Function I/O and Serial Communication Interfacing
  • Introduction to Special I/O Modules 
  • Special Discrete Interfaces 
  • Special Analog, Temperature, and PID Interfaces 
  • Positioning Interfaces 
  • ASCII, Computer, and Network Interfaces 
  • Fuzzy Logic Interfaces 
  • Peripheral Interfacing 

Week 7

  • Programming Languages
  • Introduction to Programming Languages 
  • Types of PLC Languages 
  • Ladder Diagram Format 
  • Ladder Relay Instructions 
  • Ladder Relay Programming 
  • Timers and Counters 
  • Timer Instructions 
  • Counter Instructions 
  • Program/Flow Control Instructions 
  • Arithmetic Instructions 
  • Data Manipulation Instructions 
  • Data Transfer Instructions 
  • Special Function Instructions 
  • Network Communication Instructions

Week 8

  • System Programming and Implementation
  • Control Task Definition 
  • Control Strategy 
  • Implementation Guidelines 
  • Programming Organization and Implementation 
  • Discrete I/O Control Programming 
  • Analog I/O Control Programming
  • Short Programming Examples

Week 9

  • Data Measurements and Transducers
  • Basic Measurement Concepts 
  • Interpreting Errors in Measurements 
  • Transducer Measurements
  • Thermal Transducers 
  • Displacement Transducers 
  • Pressure Transducers 
  • Flow Transducers 
  • Vibration Transducers 
  • Process Responses and Transfer Functions
  • Process Control Basics 
  • Control System Parameters 
  • Process Dynamics 
  • Laplace Transform Basics 
  • Dead Time Responses in Laplace Form 
  • Lag Responses in Laplace Form 
  • Types of Second-Order Responses 

Week 10

  • Process Controllers and Loop Tuning
  • Controller Actions 
  • Discrete-Mode Controllers 
  • Continuous-Mode Controllers 
  • Proportional Controllers (P Mode) 
  • Integral Controllers (I Mode) 
  • Proportional-Integral Controllers (PI Mode) 
  • Derivative Controllers (D Mode) 
  • Proportional-Derivative Controllers (PD Mode) 
  • Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controllers (PID Mode) 
  • Advanced Control Systems 
  • Controller Loop Tuning 

Week 11

  • Local Area Networks
  • History of Local Area Networks 
  • Principles of Local Area Networks 
  • Network Topologies 
  • Network Access Methods
  • Communication Media 
  • Understanding Network Specifications 
  • Network Protocols 
  • Network Testing and Troubleshooting 
  • Network Comparison and Selection Criteria 

Week 12

  • I/O Bus Networks
  • Introduction to I/O Bus Networks 
  • Types of I/O Bus Networks 
  • Advantages of I/O Bus Networks
  • Device Bus Networks 
  • Process Bus Networks 
  • I/O Bus Installation and Wiring Connections 

Week 13

  • Logical Sensors
  • Sensor Wiring 
  • Switches 
  • Transistor- Transistor Logic (TTL) 
  • Sinking/Sourcing 
  • Solid State Relays 
  • Contact Switches 
  • Reed Switches 
  • Optical (Photoelectric) Sensors 
  • Capacitive Sensors 
  • Inductive Sensors 
  • Ultrasonic

Week 14

  • Logical Sensors
  • Solenoids 
  • Valves 
  • Cylinders 
  • Hydraulics 
  • Pneumatics 
  • Motors 

Week 15

  • PLC Start-Up and Maintenance
  • PLC System Layout 
  • Power Requirements and Safety Circuitry 
  • Noise, Heat, and Voltage Considerations 
  • I/O Installation, Wiring, and Precautions 
  • PLC Start-Up and Checking Procedures 
  • PLC System Maintenance 
  • Troubleshooting the PLC System 

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Week 39