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36 - FBR - Fiber Optics and Related Technologies

FBR 120 - SONET - Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Networks

Code Start Date Duration Venue
FBR 120 20 May 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
FBR 120 24 June 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
FBR 120 29 July 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
FBR 120 02 September 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
FBR 120 07 October 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
FBR 120 11 November 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
FBR 120 16 December 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
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Course Description

Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) have become the worldwide standard for the interface and multiplexing of user information to optical networks. SONET/SDH systems allow much greater network flexibility and management over existing optical systems. In this course, overview of the SONET/SDH system components as well as the end-to-end SONET/SDH network design process is presented. Essentials of SONET/SDH synchronization, control, network management, and practical deployment issues are discussed. Specific focus will be on design and planning issues.

Course Objectives

  • Describing SONET/SDH principles
  • Getting familiar with SONET/SDH architecture
  • Define the important SONET/SDH terms
  • Identifying applications of SONET/SDH
  • Describing the detailed workings/operations of SONET/SDH
  • Understanding SONET/SDH broadband network operations
  • Discussing the issues related to planning, design, implementation and performance
  • Describing the limitations of the SONET/SDH technology
  • Listing the objectives and characteristics of the next generation SONET/SDH systems

Who Should Attend?

  • Telecommunication engineers
  • Software/system/network/IT professionals
  • Professionals who plan on using, evaluating, designing or working with SONET/SDH, D/WDM and optical networks
  • Technical development and support professionals involved in the support and implementation of networks and services
  • Those professionals involved in the design and implementation of next-generation telecommunication solutions

Course Details/Schedule

Day 1

  • Digital telecommunications overview & introduction to synchronization
  • Wired/wireless/optical telecommunication channels and selection criteria
  • Analog/digital modulation types
  • Multiple access techniques (multiplexing, controlled/random access)
  • Timing and synchronization concepts
  • Delay and synchronization issues in digital telecommunications systems
  • Introduction to optical networks and SONET

Day 2

  • SONET/SDH architecture
  • Building blocks, architecture and rates
  • Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH)
  • SONET/SDH digital hierarchy
  • Comparison with the Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH)
  • SONET/SDH building blocks
  • STS-1 frame format and headers (SOH, LOH, POH)
  • SONET/SDH multiplexing
  • SONET/SDH pointers and Virtual Tributaries (VT) pointers
  • Section/line/path overheads
  • Asynchronous and bit/byte synchronous mapping
  • Concatenation
  • Numbering schemes
  • Synchronization and accommodating jitter

Day 3

  • SONET/SDH planning & deployment
  • Network planning issues
  • Network topologies and elements
  • ATM integration
  • WDM and DWDM
  • Synchronous rings (architectures, structure, cross-connect, traffic patterns, failure conditions, use of matched nodes, capacity utilisation)
  • IP over SONET
  • Ethernet over SONET

Day 4

  • SONET/SDH standards & interoperability 
  • Reference models
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) standards/recommendations
  • European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) standards
  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards
  • Telcordia specifications
  • SONET/SDH equipment types
  • Multi-vendor compatibility/interoperability and management

Day 5

  • SONET/SDH Network management issues
  • Network management issues & tools
  • Configuration, performance, fault, security and accounting management
  • Alarm management and handling
  • Section, line and path management
  • Network management hierarchy
  • Optical transport networks (OTN)
  • Next generation SONET/SDH
  • Virtual concatenation (VCAT)
  • Link capacity adjustment scheme (LCAS)