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12 - OGE-P - Oil & Gas - Processing Facilities


OG-P 181 - API 571 Damage Mechanisms of Fixed Equipment in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries

Code Start Date Duration Venue
OG-P 181 24 June 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 181 22 July 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 181 26 August 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 181 30 September 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 181 04 November 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 181 09 December 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
Please contact us for fees

 

Course Description

API RP 571-2011 is the latest edition that describes damage mechanisms affecting equipment in the refining and petrochemical industries. A key first step in managing equipment safety and reliability is the identification and understanding of the various damage mechanisms. Proper identification of damage mechanisms is also required when implementing the API Inspection Codes (API 510, API 570, API 653) and in carrying out risk based inspection (RBI) per API 580 and API 581. When performing a fitness-for-service (FFS) assessment using API 579, the damage mechanisms need to be understood and need to be considered when evaluating the remaining life. 

Course Objectives

  • Providing the participants with a thorough of the various damage mechanisms contained in the latest edition of API RP 571-2011
  • Understanding how this knowledge can be applied to the selection of effective inspection methods to detect size and characterize damage
  • Learning the 66 damage mechanisms that are common to a variety of industries 

Who Should Attend?

  • Technicians
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Inspection Staff 
  • Maintenance & Operations Engineers 

Course Details/Schedule

Day 1

  • Introduction to Corrosion 
  • Corrosion: Definition and Examples
  • Basic Concepts in Electrochemistry
  • Why Do Metals Corrode
  • Kinetics: the Rate of Corrosion
  • How Do Metals Corrode: Different Forms of Corrosion
  • General Methods for Corrosion Control
  • Common Alloys Used in the Refining and Petrochemical Industries 
  • Overview of API RP 571-2011

Day 2

  • General Damage Mechanisms – All Industries Including Refining and 
  • Petrochemical, Pulp and Paper, and Fossil Utility 
  • Mechanical and Metallurgical Failure Mechanisms 
  • Graphitization 
  • Softening (Spheroidization) 
  • Temper Embrittlement 
  • Strain Aging 
  • 885oF Embrittlement 
  • Sigma Phase Embrittlement 
  • Brittle Fracture 
  • Creep / Stress Rupture 
  • Thermal Fatigue 
  • Short Term Overheating – Stress Rupture 
  • Steam Blanketing 
  • Dissimilar Metal Weld (DMW) Cracking 
  • Thermal Shock 
  • Erosion / Erosion-Corrosion 
  • Cavitation 
  • Mechanical Fatigue 
  • Vibration-Induced Fatigue 
  • Refractory Degradation 
  • Reheat Cracking
  • Gaseous Oxygen-Enhanced Ignition and Combustion

Day 3

  • Uniform or Localized Loss of Thickness 
  • Galvanic Corrosion 
  • Atmospheric Corrosion 
  • Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) 
  • Cooling Water Corrosion 
  • Boiler Water Condensate Corrosion 
  • CO2 Corrosion 
  • Flue Gas Dew Point Corrosion 
  • Microbiologically Induced Corrosion (MIC) 
  • Soil Corrosion 
  • Caustic Corrosion 
  • Dealloying 
  • Graphitic Corrosion 
  • High Temperature Corrosion [400oF (204oC)] 
  • Oxidation
  • Sulfidation 
  • Carburization 
  • Decarburization 
  • Fuel Ash Corrosion 
  • Nitriding 

Day 4

  • Environment – Assisted Cracking 
  • Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking (CI–SCC) 
  • Corrosion Fatigue 
  • Caustic Stress Corrosion Cracking (Caustic Embrittlement) 
  • Ammonia Stress Corrosion Cracking 
  • Liquid Metal Embrittlement (LME) 
  • Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE)
  • Ethanol Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)
  • Sulfate Stress Corrosion Cracking 
  • Refining Industry Damage Mechanisms 
  • Uniform or Localized Loss in Thickness Phenomena 
  • Amine Corrosion 
  • Ammonium Bisulfide Corrosion (Alkaline Sour Water) 
  • Ammonium Chloride Corrosion 
  • Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) Corrosion 
  • High Temperature H2/H2S Corrosion 
  • Hydrofluoric (HF) Acid Corrosion 
  • Naphthenic Acid Corrosion (NAC) 
  • Phenol (Carbonic Acid) Corrosion 
  • Phosphoric Acid Corrosion 
  • Sulfuric Acid Corrosion
  • Aqueous Organic Acid Corrosion 

Day 5

  • Polythionic Acid Stress Corrosion Cracking (PASCC) 
  • Environment–Assisted Cracking 
  • Amine Stress Corrosion Cracking 
  • Wet H2S Damage (Blistering / HIC / SOHIC / SCC) 
  • Hydrogen Stress Cracking – HF
  • Carbonate Stress Corrosion Cracking (ACSCC)
  • Other Mechanisms 
  • High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA) 
  • Titanium Hydriding