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12 - OGE-P - Oil & Gas - Processing Facilities

OG-P 156 - Advanced Industrial Gases and ASU Cryogenics

Code Start Date Duration Venue
OG-P 156 29 July 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 156 02 September 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 156 07 October 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 156 11 November 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
OG-P 156 16 December 2024 5 Days Istanbul Registration Form Link
Please contact us for fees


Course Description

Industrial gases are critical components of today’s industrial processes and technological revolution. From manufacturing and chemicals to food and semiconductors, gases play a key role in various industries. Understandably, many of these gases themselves have multi-industry uses; Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen are ever present in manufacturing and foods, while Hydrogen and Oxygen are instrumental in metals processing, petrochemicals, and others. As a percentage of the global market share, the atmospheric gases, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Argon, occupy the highest position. Thus, it is expedient to focus on their bulk production, especially air separation by cryogenic distillation in modern air separation units (ASUs), which remains the most widespread and economical method. Mechanical and chemical equipment such as two-story centrifugal compressors, expansion turbines, and huge distillation towers are the mainstay of the air separation process. Operating at high gas purity presents significant safety risks, particularly in high-hydrocarbon environments. Also, as ASU products are frequently cryogenic liquids, with temperatures surpassing -180¬o C, storage and transport become challenging and require special treatment. All in all, the industrial gases field is a vibrant one with new and exciting applications arising continuously, much of which will be explored in this course. 

Course Objectives

  • Experiencing the world of industrial gases on the technical, scientific, and corporate levels
  • Developing participants’ knowledge of the range of industrial gases and their practical applications
  • Gaining a better understanding of the different industrial processes used for manufacturing industrial gases
  • Describing the design and processes of ASUs, with a focus on knowledge of the operations routine and fundamental process steps
  • Exploring the theoretical and operational challenges of air separation, and implicitly, cryogenic distillation, including the main tower, and crude and pure Argon columns
  • Providing insight into ASU operational safety and the risks of high-purity and hydrocarbon content
  • Explaining cryogenic liquid storage, transport, and temporary installations for the purposes of system choice and/or maintenance

Who Should Attend?

  • Industrial gases plant operators
  • Fresh mechanical and chemical engineers
  • Engineers from nearby industries
  • Customers with in-house ASUs

Course Details/Schedule

Day 1

  • Overview on the air separation technology along the relevant process units:
  • Introduction to air separation technology and General Design Consideration.
  • Process Selection
  • Intake air quality
  • Chemical and physical properties of atmospheric gases
  • Applications of Air Products
  • Process discerption(ASU) and process flow diagram (PFD)

Day 2

  • Air filtration system.
  • Air compression.
  • Air dryers 
  • Pre-cooling system.
  • Front end purification.
  • Brazed alumina heat exchanger.
  • Distillation columns.
  • Vapor/condenser.
  • Cryogenic pumps/expander.
  • Storage and backup vaporization
  • Plant piping

Day 3

  • Control systems
  • Main control loops.
  • Safety loops, elements important for safety.
  • Transition phase: start-up, load change, shutdown
  • Instrumented systems functions
  • Critical safety systems
  • Operational safety systems 
  • Routine plant operation 
  • Unattended or partially attended operation 
  • Remote operation 

Day 4

  • Operations and maintenance (ASU)
  • Operating procedures:
  • Start –up procedure 
  • Shutdown procedure 
  • Operating envelop  
  • Troubleshooting ASU failures/shutdowns
  • Gas products quality consistency and high-purity difficulties
  • General maintenance considerations 

Day 5

  • HSE and process safety 
  • Health hazards 
  • Cryogenic liquids 
  • Gas products 
  • Asphyxiation 
  • Oxygen hazards 
  • Protective clothing
  • Cryogenic accident & incident